By Alistair Jones
This A-Z advisor explains the most important suggestions and associations associated with the eu Union, besides short biographies of the prime figures relating to the basis and improvement of the european. this can enable scholars to hyperlink the various theoretical innovations with the folks who brought them. The e-book turns out to be useful in discerning among the British and eu Parliaments -- scholars frequently confuse a number of the options of the european with these of the British govt, and the definitions during this word list will display that the our bodies have differing roles to play in lots of elements in their life.
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Extra resources for A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries)
Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) There have been several attempts to achieve monetary union in the European Union and its predecessors. There was the Werner Plan, the European Monetary System, and finally Economic and Monetary Union. EMU is perceived as being primarily about the development of the single currency – the Euro. It goes hand in hand with the THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z 43 completion of the single market. The Treaty on European Union set out the process of working towards EMU, building upon what already existed – the European Monetary System and the Exchange Rate Mechanism.
4 29 29 29 29 27 27 14 13 12 12 12 12 12 10 10 10 7 7 7 7 7 4 4 4 4 4 3 492 345 presidency for six months at a time. 5 years. Dates of the presidency are shown in Table C4. 30 THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z Table C4 Rotation of the presidency of the Council of Ministers Country Date of presidency Germany Portugal Slovenia France Czech Republic Sweden Spain Belgium Hungary Poland Denmark Cyprus Ireland Lithuania Greece Italy Latvia Luxembourg Netherlands Slovakia Malta UK Estonia Bulgaria Austria Romania Finland January–June 2007 July–December 2007 January–June 2008 July–December 2008 January–June 2009 July–December 2009 January–June 2010 July–December 2010 January–June 2011 July–December 2011 January–June 2012 July–December 2012 January–June 2013 July–December 2013 January–June 2014 July–December 2014 January–June 2015 July–December 2015 January–June 2016 July–December 2016 January–June 2017 July–December 2017 January–June 2018 July–December 2018 January–June 2019 July–December 2019 January–June 2020 When a country holds the presidency, this gives them the opportunity to set the EU agenda.
However, the aims and objectives of the legislation must be achieved. 40 THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z Director-General The head of a Directorate-General (see Table D3) and similar to the senior civil servant in a government department in that he/she reports to a Commissioner. Some Directors-General, however, report to more than one Commissioner. Table D3 The Directorates-General of the Commission and their Directors-General (April 2007) Directorates-General Directors-General Agriculture and Rural Development Budget Competition Development Economic and Financial Affairs Education and Culture Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities Enlargement Enterprise and Industry Environment EuropeAid – Co-operation Office External Relations Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Health and Consumer Protection Humanitarian Aid Informatics Information Society and Media Internal Market and Services Interpretation Joint Research Centre Justice, Freedom and Security Personnel and Administration Regional Policy Research Taxation and Customs Union Trade Translation Transport and Energy Jean-Luc Demarty Luis Romero Requena Philip Lowe Stefano Manservisi Klaus Regling Odile Quintin Nikolaus van der Pas Michael Leigh Heinz Zourek Mogens Peter Carl Koos Richelle Eneko Landaburu Fokion Fotiadis Robert Madelin António Cavaco Francisco García Morán Fabio Colasanti Jörgen Holmquist Marco Benedetti Roland Schenkel Jonathan Faull Claude Chêne Dirk Ahner José Manuel Silva Rodríguez Robert Verrue David O’Sullivan Juhani Lönnroth Mattias Ruete THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z 41 Directorate-General Each Directorate-General (DG) is responsible for a key policy area (see Table D3), some of which are tied to a specific member of the Commission.
A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries) by Alistair Jones