By David Abulafia
The Catalan state of Majorca was once verified below the need of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, however it used to be governed from 1276 to 1343 via a cadet dynasty. the dominion integrated the main company facilities of Montpellier and Perpignan, and different lands in what's now southern France. It was once domestic to special Jewish and Muslim groups, and used to be the point of interest of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This publication emphasizes the foremost alterations within the exchange of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black demise, and the impact of the kingdom's construction and dying at the economic climate of the sector.
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Additional resources for A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca
Smith, The Spanish gild merchant. A history of the consulado, 1250-1700 (Durham, NC, 1940); The consulate of the sea and related documents, transl. S. S. Jados 46 F o r a good description of this building, see The Balearic islands, ed. J a c q u e s Heers (Nagel's 47 Encyclopedia G u i d e , 2 n d edn, Geneva, 1969), 43—5. See c h a p t e r 5. (Alabama, 1975). On the state of the economy after 1343, see chapter 11. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 The Balearic setting 19 did, it is true, see a check placed on Mallorcan economic expansion, but there was still some optimism, as the building of the Lonja suggests.
Dependence on Aragon remained, nonetheless, a live issue. Peter's humiliation of the king of Majorca, in 1279, backfired; when in 1285 the king of France launched an attack on Aragon, as vengeance for the seizure of Sicily by Peter the Great of Aragon, the Majorcan ruler gave his support to France against his own bullying brother. James' decision was crucial, since he thus permitted the French armies eventually to march through his own county of Roussillon on their way into Catalonia proper. His mainland capital at Perpignan (where a handsome Palace of the Kings of Majorca can still be seen) was attacked by Peter; James only evaded Peter's clutches by 22 The constitutional position is analysed in chapter 3.
A few Muslims were left behind to cultivate the soil, but in effect the island was totally depopulated. 27 It was only in 1298, when terms for a regional settlement of the conflict in the western Mediterranean were being pressed by the papacy, that James II of Majorca won back his kingdom, though he remained a vassal of the king of Aragon (also, confusingly, by now called James II). However, other means were at his disposal to disentangle him from Aragonese control. A vigorous economic policy was initiated, with attempts to impose tariff barriers against merchants from Catalonia who traded through the ports of the kingdom of Majorca, such as Ciutat de Mallorca and Collioure in Roussillon.
A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca by David Abulafia