By Satrajit Dutta
Have an effect on and reminiscence: A Reformulation provides the hypothetical strategies excited by knowing the affect-memory dating from a brand new standpoint.
The textual content first covers the relevance of have an effect on in reminiscence, after which proceeds to discussing the levels in reminiscence technique, besides the quandary of prior learn at the topic. within the moment bankruptcy, the publication info the matter within the affect-memory courting. The 3rd bankruptcy offers the most features of ""the depth of perceived have an effect on hypothesis."" the subsequent chapters element empirical reviews that offer proof of the function of depth of perceived have an effect on in selective reminiscence. The final bankruptcy of the textual content talks concerning the integrative framework that explains the various findings stemming from modern paintings, and gives a advisor to approaching experimental learn within the sector of have an effect on and selective reminiscence.
The ebook could be of significant curiosity to researchers and practitioners of psychology, psychiatry, and neurology.
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Extra resources for Affect and Memory. A Reformulation
To each picture, the subject responded after a 2-minute period, and then he was only informed whether this solution was correct or wrong. When the subject's solutions were reported to be wrong, the correct solutions were never pointed out to him in order to ensure lack of closure in the subject. After reporting the correctness of a solution, the experimenter then presented to the subject a nine-point bipolar pleasant-unpleasant rating scale with verbally labeled categories. The subject was asked to evaluate on a nine-point scale his experience with the specific task that he had just performed either correctly or incorrectly.
Holmes suggested several processes that may be responsible for the reduction of affect of unpleasant experiences. For example, as Stagner (1931) has observed, most unpleasant experiences may represent things about which something has to be done. And it is quite possible that, generally, during the retention interval something is done in order to alleviate the tension or reduce the intensity of affect associated with the experience. This explanation, however, is very similar to the "dissonance reduction" concept proposed by Festinger and his associates.
Here again the perceived intensity of affect as experi enced by the individual for whatever internal or environmental reasons, may be the immediate antecedent determinant of selective retention. Further more, the concept "selective retention or memory" includes two separate processes—selective learning and selective retrieval. The study of the effects of perceived intensity of affect on both selective learning and retrieval mechanism will be of considerable theoretical interest. To sum up, the perceived intensity of affect hypothesis can be formulated in the following way: other factors remaining constant, intensity of feeling tone of an experience, irrespective of its quality, as perceived by the indivi- The Intensity Hypothesis 29 dual under different degrees of emotional involvement in whatever context, is the immediate antecedent determinant of both selective learning and retrieval processes.
Affect and Memory. A Reformulation by Satrajit Dutta