By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the varsity of Social paintings on the college of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate learn in Gerontology application, guiding it to ultimate approval via the South Carolina fee on greater schooling. For 20 years we workforce taught our graduate-level path, "Psychosocial ways to Geron tology," related to colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded enormous quantities of analysis posters ready via our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate direction requirement. a number of years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the collage. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed instructing the psychology of getting older section of our interdisciplinary direction. On campus approximately on a daily basis seeing that retirement, Ernie often telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex stated him on the Gerontological Society's annual clinical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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Additional info for Aging and Human Motivation
Aging effects are most pronounced when the person is active rather than at rest. Some theories of homeostasis assume that all organismic activities, by definition, result 40 Chapter 2 in some disturbances in equilibrium. " Not only cannot the older organism reach a high peak performance, it probably cannot maintain maximum functioning for as long a period as a younger one, and at the conclusion of the activity, the older organism requires more time to return to the preactivity baseline level. Agerelated changes in physiological responses apply not just to large environmental challenges; even for moderate demands, some of the physiological responses change with age.
For example, Pietrini, Horwitz, Grady, Maisog, et al. (1992) found that the metabolic indices during a cognitive task, watching a film, are more pronounced in young than in healthy older persons. What could have contributed to this change? Were the older persons paying Biological Foundations 23 less attention to the task? Though this was not reported, it is possible that this, indeed, was the case. Presumably, no behavioral measures were recorded. But it should be also noted that in psychology, attention is at the present still a difficult-to-measure, ill-defined construct (Kinchla, 1992).
This regimen produced a significant improvement in peak 0 2 consumption (V02 ) and a significant increase in cardiorespiratory fitness, consisting of HR at rest and at submaximum workload, duration of time on the bicycle, and peak V02 • The other two groups did not show an improvement in their cardiorespiratory fitness. There were other physiological benefits derived from the exercise regimen, but psychological measures of mood, psychiatric symptoms, and neuropsychological functioning were not affected by the training.
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott