By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This publication tells the tale of the way Shari'ati constructed a language of political Islam, conversing in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Extra resources for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
We will attain it by extending the Persian language throughout the provinces; eliminating regional costumes; destroying local and feudal authorities; and removing the traditional differences between Kurds, Lurs, Qashqayis, Arabs, Turks, Turkomans, and other communities that reside within Iran. Our nation will continue to live in danger as long as we have no schools to teach Persian and Iranian history to the masses; no railways to connect the various parts of the country; no books, journals, and newspapers to inform the people of their rich Iranian heritage; and no Persian equivalents to replace the many non-Persian names in Iran.
It was instead a policy goal set and pushed through by the ruling elite, formulated as a response to western challenges. ” The discontent with Pahlavi modernization was largely due to its incomplete character—for some Iranians, “modernization” of the society was a more pressing task, which the regime not only did not facilitate but actually impeded; for others, the Pahlavi bid for modernization was an attack on the traditional way of life that had to be stopped. Clear (if occasional) sources of opposition were groups associated with the Mashruteh movement.
It argues that the revolutionary ideology that the Islamic Republic has projected came into being only after the revolution, and shows even that ideological construct has been challenged from within and outside the ruling establishment with terms of references drawn from the prerevolutionary language. Finally, in the conclusion, it is argued that Shari’ati’s critique is Islamic in character because he was devising a new set of signifiers and signified to refer to the referent of Islam. He was not suggesting the revival of any old order that claimed to be Islamic, rather he was laying down what he believed an Islamic order should be like, where Islamic was meant to be a signifier of an ideal that Shari’ati understood to be the “essence” of Islam.
‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran by By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee