By William N. Venables, David M. Smith
This guide offers an creation to "R", a software program package deal for statistical computing and pix. R is unfastened software program, dispensed less than the GNU common Public License. it may be used with GNU/Linux, Unix and Microsoft home windows.
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Extra info for An Introduction to R
Short form: resid(object ). step(object ) Select a suitable model by adding or dropping terms and preserving hierarchies. The model with the largest value of AIC (Akaike’s An Information Criterion) discovered in the stepwise search is returned. summary(object ) Print a comprehensive summary of the results of the regression analysis. 3 [Generic functions for extracting model information], page 53 apply. It should be noted that in addition aov() allows an analysis of models with multiple error strata such as split plot experiments, or balanced incomplete block designs with recovery of inter-block information.
Points=FALSE, verticals=TRUE) This distribution is obviously far from any standard distribution. How about the right-hand mode, say eruptions of longer than 3 minutes? Let us fit a normal distribution and overlay the fitted CDF. 0 x Quantile-quantile (Q-Q) plots can help us examine this more carefully. par(pty="s") # arrange for a square figure region qqnorm(long); qqline(long) Chapter 8: Probability distributions 36 which shows a reasonable fit but a shorter right tail than one would expect from a normal distribution.
Only, can be used to stand for “the corresponding part of the old model formula”. For example, > fm05 <- lm(y ~ x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5, data = production) > fm6 <- update(fm05, . ~ . ) would fit a five variate multiple regression with variables (presumably) from the data frame production, fit an additional model including a sixth regressor variable, and fit a variant on the model where the response had a square root transform applied. Note especially that if the data= argument is specified on the original call to the model fitting function, this information is passed on through the fitted model object to update() and its allies.
An Introduction to R by William N. Venables, David M. Smith